install package from Github

Only needs to be done the first time

library(devtools)
install_github("PecanProject/pecan",subdir="base/logger")
install_github("PecanProject/pecan",subdir="modules/allometry")

Define species groups

library(PEcAn.allometry)
## Loading required package: MCMCpack
## Loading required package: coda
## Loading required package: MASS
## ##
## ## Markov Chain Monte Carlo Package (MCMCpack)
## ## Copyright (C) 2003-2018 Andrew D. Martin, Kevin M. Quinn, and Jong Hee Park
## ##
## ## Support provided by the U.S. National Science Foundation
## ## (Grants SES-0350646 and SES-0350613)
## ##
## Loading required package: mvtnorm
## Loading required package: tools
## define the Plant Functional Types you want to fit based on USDA acronyms and USFS species codes (spcd)
## can involve one or many species
## multiple PFTs can be fit at once by putting them in a list
## Note that the name used in the PFT list defines the name that the code will match against when making predictions for new individuals
pfts = list(FAGR = data.frame(spcd=531,acronym="FAGR"))

## example of a PFT with multiple species (LH = late hardwood)
## note that if you're just using Jenkins the acronym column is optional
pfts = list(LH = data.frame(spcd = c(531,318),acronym=c("FAGR","ACSA3")))

Run the Bayesian allometry model

Note the side effects of this function are that it will create two files in your working directory for every PFT and component pair, a pdf file of diagnostics and a RData file saving the full output. These files will be named based on the PFT and the component.

The return from this function will be a summary table of statistics. The function will actually run two variants of the model, a “global” modelthat fits a single equation to all equations and a ‘hierarchical’ model that accounts for the variability among equations. This function also print out DIC statistics on which fit was better (lowest score wins): DIC is the hierarchical model, DICg is the global model.

allom.stats = AllomAve(pfts,ngibbs=500)
## [1] "writing output to"                                        
## [2] "/fs/data3/tonygard/work/pecan/modules/allometry/vignettes"
## $spcd
## [1] 531 318
## 
## $acronym
## [1] FAGR  ACSA3
## Levels: ACSA3 FAGR
## 
## [[3]]
## [1] 6
## Warning in nu(allom$parm$Component.ID): NAs introduced by coercion
## [1] "Dropping allom rows: "
## 
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## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
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## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
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  |=                                                                |   1%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=                                                                |   2%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |==                                                               |   2%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |==                                                               |   3%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |==                                                               |   4%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |===                                                              |   4%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |===                                                              |   5%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |====                                                             |   5%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |====                                                             |   6%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |====                                                             |   7%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=====                                                            |   7%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=====                                                            |   8%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |======                                                           |   9%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |======                                                           |  10%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=======                                                          |  10%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=======                                                          |  11%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |========                                                         |  12%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |========                                                         |  13%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=========                                                        |  13%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=========                                                        |  14%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=========                                                        |  15%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |==========                                                       |  15%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |==========                                                       |  16%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |===========                                                      |  16%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |===========                                                      |  17%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |===========                                                      |  18%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |============                                                     |  18%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |============                                                     |  19%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=============                                                    |  19%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=============                                                    |  20%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=============                                                    |  21%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |==============                                                   |  21%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |==============                                                   |  22%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |===============                                                  |  22%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |===============                                                  |  23%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |===============                                                  |  24%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |================                                                 |  24%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |================                                                 |  25%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=================                                                |  25%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=================                                                |  26%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=================                                                |  27%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |==================                                               |  27%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |==================                                               |  28%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |===================                                              |  29%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |===================                                              |  30%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |====================                                             |  30%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |====================                                             |  31%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=====================                                            |  32%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=====================                                            |  33%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |======================                                           |  33%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |======================                                           |  34%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |======================                                           |  35%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=======================                                          |  35%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=======================                                          |  36%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |========================                                         |  36%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |========================                                         |  37%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |========================                                         |  38%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=========================                                        |  38%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=========================                                        |  39%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |==========================                                       |  39%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |==========================                                       |  40%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |==========================                                       |  41%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |===========================                                      |  41%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |===========================                                      |  42%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |============================                                     |  42%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |============================                                     |  43%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |============================                                     |  44%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=============================                                    |  44%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=============================                                    |  45%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |==============================                                   |  45%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |==============================                                   |  46%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |==============================                                   |  47%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |===============================                                  |  47%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |===============================                                  |  48%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |================================                                 |  49%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |================================                                 |  50%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=================================                                |  50%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=================================                                |  51%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |==================================                               |  52%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |==================================                               |  53%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |===================================                              |  53%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |===================================                              |  54%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |===================================                              |  55%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |====================================                             |  55%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |====================================                             |  56%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=====================================                            |  56%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=====================================                            |  57%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=====================================                            |  58%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |======================================                           |  58%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |======================================                           |  59%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=======================================                          |  59%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=======================================                          |  60%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=======================================                          |  61%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |========================================                         |  61%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |========================================                         |  62%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=========================================                        |  62%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=========================================                        |  63%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |=========================================                        |  64%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |==========================================                       |  64%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |==========================================                       |  65%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |===========================================                      |  65%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## 
  |                                                                       
  |===========================================                      |  66%
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in s2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% Bg): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.
## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or as.vector() instead.

## Warning in u2 + 0.5 * crossprod(Y - X %*% beta): Recycling array of length 1 in vector-array arithmetic is deprecated.
##   Use c() or